Siddhartha has renounced his life from a Samana

Siddhartha has renounced his life from a Samana, content with the bare essentials of life, to a wealth-hoarding, delusional merchant. Siddhartha feels dissatisfied with his life as a rich merchant and distracts himself with games and extravagance so he doesn’t have to face his mistakes. Siddhartha’s distractions are termed as a “hateful spell”ーportraying that Siddhartha does not want its effects; but even when Siddhartha wakes up from this spell, he diverts himself to games. Siddhartha wants to forget about his problems because he does not know how to deal with them, so he continues to stay under the influence of the “hateful spell”. What once Siddhartha thought were “easy goals which do not disturb one’s sleep” (59) have become goals that make Siddhartha flee to a game of chance, wine, and the urge of acquiring wealth.

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System of moral rules

Ethics is a system of moral rules and is the study of moral principles. Ethics can be divided into two categories: classical and modern. Classical ethics comes from Plato and Aristotle being concerned about questions regarding our personal self-growth and development. Modern ethics was founded after the Italian Renaissance and studies morality. Since ethics is the study of morality, this proposes that morality and ethics are two different ideas. “Morality is a set of fundamental rules that guide our actions; for example, they may forbid us to kill each other, encourage us to help each other, tell us not to lie, and command us to keep our promises” (Solomon et al., 2016, p.497). Morality is a set of rules for right actions and the exclusion of wrong actions. In deontological ethics, you evaluate the moral rightness of an action no matter the consequence.

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Different types of determinism

In our readings in chapter seven, we learned about the different types of determinism: hard determinism, soft determinism, and indeterminism, we also learned about how these are different and how they feed off each other. These ideas have been argued by many philosophers since Isaac Newton, who was a hard determinist by saying we are matter in motion. We also learn about the idea of freedom in philosophy and how freedom is a person’s responsibility.
What is determinism? Determinism is “the thesis that everything that happens in the universe is determined according to the laws of nature” (Solomon et al., 2016, p.444). In determinism, an event will only occur if its prerequisite conditions are fulfilled.

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